Top Best 7 Back-End Programming Languages In 2021
The Back-End refers to parts of a computer application or a program’s code that allow it to work which can’t be accessed by a user. Most of data and operating syntax are stored and accessed within the rear of a computing system. Typically the code is comprised of 1 or more programming languages.
Here we have some of the best Back-End Programming languages are as follows:
Though Python is sort of famous among individuals for its compatibility with advanced technologies like Machine Learning, Internet of Things (IoT), Data Science, etc., allow us to tell you that this enhanced programing language is widely used and much suitable for backend web development also. Even one among the leading IT giants of the present times Google significantly relies on Python, and it’s one among the three primary languages employed by Google (the other two are Java and C++).
One of the main advantages of using Python for web development is its huge collection of ordinary libraries that make the work of developers comparatively easier and efficient. the extra prominent and unique features of Python like better code readability. Easier integration with other languages, GUI Programming support, portability, and various others makes it a more preferred language among web developers.
- Easy to code
- Free and Open Source
- Object-Oriented Language
- GUI Programming Support
- High-Level Language
- Extensible feature
- Python may be a Portable language
- Python is an Integrated language
- Validating User’s Input
- Simple Client-side Calculations
- Greater Control
- Platform Independent
- Handling Dates and Time
- Generating HTML Content
- Detecting the User’s Browser and OS
PHP could also be a veteran player within the online development world. This open-source server-side scripting language is formed in 1994 and is specifically used for web development. because it’s an interpreted language – it doesn’t require a compiler either and also it can run on almost every major OS like Windows, Linux, macOS, Unix, etc.
Talking about the enriching features of PHP, there are numerous like easy to seek out nature, cross-platform compatibility, OOPs features, support to varied standard databases like MySQL, SQLite, etc. huge community support, and much of others. apart from that, PHP is extremely secure as a server-side scripting language as there are numerous hash functions available in PHP for the encryption of user’s data. especially, if you’re a beginner – you’ll like better to accompany PHP for backend web development.
- Simple. It is very simple and easy to use.
- Interpreted language
- Faster than other languages
- Free and open Source
- Platform Independent
- Case Sensitive
- Speed Comparison of ASP PHP JSP.
Java is another exemplary programing language for backend web development. The object-oriented programing language is widely used for developing enterprise-scale web applications alongside the event of android applications, desktop applications, scientific applications, etc. the first advantage of using Java is that it works on the Write Once Run Anywhere principle i.e, the compiled Java code are often executed on any platform that supports Java without the necessity for recompilation.
In additional specific terms, the Java code is first compiled into machine-independent byte code then this byte code runs on the JVM no matter the underlying architecture. Besides, Java supports multithreading that permits the multiprogramming of two or more threads for max utilization of CPU. Other additional features of Java are – platform-independent, follows the OOP concepts, rich open-source libraries, automatic memory allocation & garbage pickup, portability, etc.
- Object-Oriented. In Java, everything is an Object
- Platform Independent
- Simple- easy to use
Ruby may be a general-purpose, interpreted programing language that supports various programming paradigms like procedural, functional, and object-oriented programming. The language is being widely used for web development across the planet and is extremely much recommended to beginners for getting started with backend web development because it is relatively easier to find out. Alike Python, Ruby also focuses on increasing the developers’ productivity that eventually fastens the online development process.
The actual language supports almost every major platform like Windows, Mac, and Linux, and allow us to tell you this also that Ruby is very supported many other programming languages like Perl, Lisp, Eiffel, Ada, etc. Dynamic typing and Duck typing, Automatic garbage pickup, Large standard library, Custom dispatch behavior, Flexibility & Scalability, Centralized package management through RubyGems, etc. are a number of the prominent features that come up with Ruby.
- Expressive feature
- Visual appearance
- Dynamic typing and Duck typing
- Exception handling
- Garbage collector
C# is one among those few languages that are constantly ranking under the highest 5 programming languages at various standard indices for a previous couple of years. Though, you would like to understand that this general-purpose language was initially developed by Microsoft primarily for the .Net framework. The language provides you with various enriching features like faster compilation, interoperability, scalable & updateable, component-oriented & structured language, and lots of others. additionally, C# comes up with an upscale set of libraries that helps the developers for a faster and efficient development process. Hence, if you’re during a search for a programing language for a backend web developer – you’ll provide it an attempt to C# also.
- Modern programming language
- Object-oriented language
- Scalable and Updateable
- Component oriented
- Structured programming language
If you’re thinking that Go isn’t that popular among the developers then allow us to tell you as per last year’s report of Stack Overflow – it had been one among the highest 5 most loved programming languages by developers across the planet. Go maybe a statically typed programing language that’s designed at Google and having syntax quite almost like C language.
The language allows the developers to create scalable and secure web applications more efficiently. One among the main advantages of using Go is that it provides excellent support for multithreading and also, it’s the rubbish collection feature for automatic memory management. a number of the opposite considerable features of Go language are – easy to find out, readable code, backed by Google, compiled language, package management, powerful standard library, concurrency support, high-performance, and lots of more.
- Static Typing
- Concurrency Support
- Powerful Standard Library and Tool Set
- Testing Capabilities
- Garbage Collection
- Ease of Use
- Cross-Platform Development Opportunities